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Глава 76. Схизма

1. James Muldoon, Empire and Order (1999), pp. 34–35.

2. Alexander Clarence Flick, The Rise of the Mediaeval Church and Its Influence on the Civilisation of Western Europe from the First to the Thirteenth Century (1909), p. 403.

3. Althoff, p.72.

4. Flick, p. 404; Althoff, pp. 73–79.

5. Kelly, Oxford Dictionary of Popes, pp. 27–28.

6. Несколько сокращенно из: Thatcher and McNeal, pp. 119–120.

7. Thietmar of Merseburg, p. 187; Althoff, pp. 127–129.

8. Blumenthal, p. 42.

9. Ibid., p. 43.

10. Christopher Brooke, Europe in the Central Middle Ages, 962-1154, 2d ed. (1987), p. 227.

11. Robert Warrand Carlyle and A. J. Carlyle, A History of Mediaeval Political Theory in the West (1915), pp. 146, 164, 228; Brooke, p. 229.

12. Flick, p. 408.

13. Brooke, p. 231; Karle Натре, Germany under the Salian and Hohenstaufen Emperors, trans. Ralph Bennett (1973), pp. 43–45.

14. Натре, p. 47.

15. Stefan Weinfurter, The Salian Century (1999), p. 101.

16. Flick, p. 410; F. Donald Logan, A History of the Church in the Middle Ages (2002), pp. 102–103.

17. Thatcher and McNeal, pp. 121–122.

18. Ibid., p. 122.

19. Anna Comnena, The Alexiad of Anna Comnena, trans. E. R. A. Sewter (1969), 1.10–11.

20. William of Apulia, «Gesta Roberti Wiscardi», book 2, in G. H. Pertz et ah, Chronica et annales aevi Salici (1963).

21. Goffredo Malaterra, The Deeds of Count Roger of Calabria and Sicily and of His Brother Duke Robert Guiscard, trans. Kenneth Baxter Wolf (2005), book 1.

22. William of Apulia, book 2, in Pertz et al.

23. Henry Chadwick, East and West (2003), pp. 206–207, 211–213.

24. Horst Fuhrmann, Germany in the High Middle Ages, c. 1050–1200, trans. Timothy Reuter (1986), p. 55.


Глава 75. Новая земля | История Средневекового мира: От Константина до первых Крестовых походов | Глава 77. Господство данов



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